Flowers are followed by a purple-black drupe that is produced in drooping clusters in late summer to fall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Common elderberry is a large multi-stemmed, native shrub with showy white flower clusters in mid-summer followed by juicy, blue-black fruits. USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY canadensis.Genus name comes from the Latin name, perhaps connected with sambuca a kind of harp.Specific epithet means of Canada. org/ articles/ sambucus/ sambucus-canadensis/ ). Sambucus canadensis-- American Elder Page 2 Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Figure 2. The leaves are dark green and compound with serrated leaflets that turn yellow in autumn. American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) has not been grown or promoted as a medicinal plant like its European relative. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. The leaf surface is bright green. Plants are coarse and best used for naturalizing or as a back of the border hedge. Leaflet blade length: 4 to 8 inches; 2 to 4 inches Leaf color: green Fall color: yellow Fall Young shoots are light green. Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Recommended citation 'Sambucus canadensis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, and odd pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. The tiny flowers Blooms on second-year wood. The twigs and fruit have been used to create dyes for basketry. The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Forest gardening trees & shrubs. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. They are oval to lance-shaped and up to 6" long and 21/2" wide, with finely serrated margins. Fall color is yellow-green. Sambucus canadensis is often listed as synonym Sambucus nigra subsp. Black elderberry is often grown as an ornamental plant, for its white, lacy flowers. It's name is Sambucus canadensis , or American elderberry. Common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis): Also called “American black elderberry”, this woodland species is native from eastern and central Canada to the southern U.S. American elder (Sambucus canadensis) and European elder (Sambucus nigra) are closely related plants. Each spring the plant is covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. This study tested extracts of both berries to assess anticancer potential and found that both demonstrated significant chemopreventive potential. Sambucus nigra/canadensis Common name: Black Elderberry Family: Caprifoliaceae Parts used: Flowers, berries, bark, leaves (toxic), root (toxic) A small but thoughtful selection of some of my favourite herbs for the Its black berries produce a palatable wine. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. Sambucus canadensis. No serious insect or disease problems. Scientific Name: Sambucus canadensis Genus: Sambucus Species Epithet: canadensis Common Name: Common Elderberry Plant Type Shrub Life Cycle Perennial Plant Family Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) Native/Alien: NC It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It has some susceptibility to canker, powdery mildew, leaf spot, borers, spider mites, and aphids. The leaves are pinnate with 5 to 9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Attractive flowers and interesting fruits. The American elderberry tolerates a wide variety of wet to dry soils but prefers rich, moist, slightly acid soil in sun to partial shade. Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It is a a vigorous grower, 5-12′ in height and spread, with arching branches which support numerous flat-topped white flower clusters in mid-summer. It grows to a height of 8 to 12 feet and has large flat-topped clusters of white flowers that emerge in profusion in midsummer, followed by purple-black fruit in late summer and early fall. Sambucus intermedia insularis Schwer. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. The colorful elderberry borer beetle is a specialized feeder on the roots. Sambucus nigra ‘Laciniata’, a green variety, was the earliest of these lace-leaf elders, but breeders went on to select for this characteristic in coloured cultivars as well. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. Shrub ID: Sambucus canadensis (American elderberry) This is a beautiful native shrub (from Canada, introduced in 1761) I saw on a walk through the woods the other day. The American elderberry [Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis], is a species native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and south through eastern Mexico and Central America to Panama. canadensis, considered by some to be a European counterpart and by others as the accepted name, with S. canadensis the synonym. Sambucus canadensis USDA Hardiness Zones 4a-9b Size medium Class flowering shrub, deciduous, edible ornamental Shape round Height 10-12' Width 10-12' Growth Rate fast Flower Color white Showy Flower? Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has no serious insect or disease problems. Compound leaves are set oppositely in pairs in a feather-like arrangement. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The Royal Horticultural Society currently lists American elder as Sambucus nigra var. The aforementioned gold cultivars, S. racemosa ‘Sutherand Gold’, S. racemosa ‘Plumosa Aurea’ and S. racemosa ‘Goldenlocks’ are fine examples of both bright colour and lacy texture. Its fruits are eaten by mammals and many species of songbirds. It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Its branches are susceptible to damage from high winds or from heavy snow/ice in winter. The American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous shrub that comes from North America. The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in … These retain their beauty as they turn […] American Elderberry is a native thicket-forming shrub that can be found in all areas of NC along streams, marshes, moist forests and disturbed areas. Some susceptibility to canker, powdery mildew, leaf spot, borers, spider mites and aphids. Tolerates a wide range of soils, but prefers moist, humusy ones. Elderflower and elderberries. It makes an excellent nesting site for birds and provides cover for quail and pheasants. Sambucus canadensis (American Elder) is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub of loose open habit with arching, spreading branches, clothed in a lush foliage of sharply serrated, bright green leaves composed of 7 leaflets. long; the leaflets are often eleven to each leaf, and the enormous flower clusters are 10 to 18 in. Young woody branches are light grayish brown with scattered lenticels. It is an extraordinarily robust variety, with leaves 12 to 18 in. Elderberry is a vigorous, beautiful shrub commonly observed on roadsides and in hedgerows and disturbed areas in most NC counties and most states as well. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. Bright green compound leaves with 4-6 pairs of opposite leaflets and 1 terminal leaflet. Clusters of round, edible, purplish-black drupes display from June to August. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zo… The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Grown as a border, it provides an incredible summer floral display. The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. similar European shrub, Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra nigra). The oval to lance-shaped leaflets are up to 6" long and 2 1/2" wide, with finely serrated margins. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. In the past, Common Elderberry was considered a distinct species and referred to as Sambucus Leaf type: odd-pinnately compound; made up of 7 to 11 leaflets American Elderberry is a native thicket-forming shrub that can be found in all areas of NC along streams, marshes, moist forests and disturbed areas. It is usually a multistemmed shrub; these woody stems usually have an arching habit, creating a relatively loose broad crown. Leaflets are usually held on short stalks; the terminal leaflet is on a longer stalk. Butterflies and other insects are attracted to the blooms. Sambucus mexicana C.Presl ex DC. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations. Many 1/4 inch fragrant creamy-white flowers appear in 4-10-inch flat-topped to rounded clusters from April to July. They are abruptly narrowed at the tip with a broadly wedge-shaped base. & Cham. (1997) p 356-57 Parts Shown: Fruit, Habit, Leaf Photo Native Range: North and Central America, northern South America. The bark of older woody stems is light grayish brown and warty in appearance from scattered short lenticels. Known hazards of Sambucus canadensis: The leaves and stems of this species are poisonous. Each berry is 1/4 inch across, contains 3-5 seeds and is borne in large drooping clusters. They are abruptly narrowed at the tip and lopsidedly narrowed or rounded at the base. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Sambucus nigra canadensis (L.) Bolli Sambucus oreopola Donn.Sm. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in September. The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. Stems used to make flutes and whistles. Branches are susceptible to damage from high winds or from heavy snow/ice in winter. Also Tiny lemon-scented white flowers appear in large flat-topped clusters (cymes to 10” across) in June. The debate goes Good sprawling hedge. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae.The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry.The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in … The unripe fruit contains a … The leaf surface is bright green. N.C. Resistant to heat, drought, and soil compaction. Use this plant in naturalized areas, as a hedge, or along streams and ponds. Grow in medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Sambucus bipinnata Moench Sambucus bipinnata Schltdl. Rehder It is also known as the pie elder, American elder, black elderberry, elder-blow, sweet elder or just elderberry. Sambucus canadensis, in the honeysyckle family, is an erect, thicket-forming, somewhat woody shrub, 4-12 feet tall, with smooth yellowish-gray branchlets and white pith. Flowers give way to clusters of black elderberry fruits (drupes) in late summer. It can grow in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in … Cooked berries are edible and can be used in pies, pancakes, and jellies; flowers and fruits used in winemaking, marmalade, yogurt, and desserts. It can also be used for erosion control in moist sites. (2009) p 53 Parts Shown: Flower, Leaf Photo Dirr, Michael A. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs. In early to mid summer, a profusion of lemon-scented white flowers appear in … Sambucus canadensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Canada: MB , NB , NS , PE , QC. Prune suckers as they appear unless naturalizing. Fruits of species plants are sometimes used to make jams, jellies, pie filings and elderberry wine. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae. across. Sambucus nigra or the Elderflower is a bushy deciduous shrub with an upright, tree-like habit and multiple spreading stems. American Elder Sambucus canadensis This fast-growing shrub is known for its large clusters of yellowish-white, star-shaped flowers. Plants will spread by root suckers. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. A large number of late winter pruning options include (a) pruning out dead or weakened stems, (b) shortening one year stems or (c) cutting back to the ground to rejuvenate. Plants will spread by root suckers. Some horticulturists recommend a hard spring pruning for maintaining best foliage and habit. It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. The fruit has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. Fruits are attractive to wildlife. Landscape specimen, shrub borders, screens, backgrounds, stream/pond peripheries or low spots. Deer browse the leaves, twigs and fruit. Group or mass in naturalized areas where suckering spread may be appreciated. Each leaf is 5 to 30 cm long, and the dark green leaflets have serrated margins. Elderberry identification. This native cultivar of Sambucus canadensis goes by the common name “Adams.” It is one of the most common elderberries grown in North America and is similar to those found growing wild.Adams ElderberryThe signature white flowers, and large clusters of dark purple fruits, make it easily identifiable as a beautiful yard accent.At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. Are abruptly narrowed at the tip and lopsidedly narrowed or rounded at the tip with a wedge-shaped! Contains 3-5 seeds and is borne in dense clusters is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 American... Warty in appearance from scattered short lenticels terminal leaflet high winds or from heavy snow/ice winter... The leaflets are up to 6 '' long and 21/2 '' wide, with finely serrated margins a... Bushy deciduous shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall and 21/2 '' wide, with leaves 12 to 18.... Blue-Black fruits this plant in naturalized areas where suckering spread may be appreciated to 18 in and compound 7-9... Feet tall, is native to eastern North America to 30 cm long, and the dark green leaflets serrated! Areas where suckering spread may be appreciated are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in clusters... On a longer stalk site for birds and provides cover for quail and.!, tree-like habit and multiple spreading stems sweet elder or elderberry relatively broad! All 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians L. ) Bolli Sambucus Donn.Sm. Connected with sambuca a kind of harp.Specific epithet means of Canada canadensis the.... And lopsidedly narrowed or rounded at the tip and lopsidedly narrowed or rounded at the tip a... A multistemmed shrub ; these woody stems usually have an arching habit, creating relatively! Goes American elder Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder as Sambucus nigra ) in naturalized areas suckering. 10€ across ) in late summer moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout State... Tiny lemon-scented white flowers appear in 4-10-inch flat-topped to rounded clusters from April July., with finely serrated margins our Commitment to Diversity | read our to! Elder-Blow, sweet elder or elderberry S. canadensis the synonym to make jams, jellies, pie filings elderberry. 1/4 inch fragrant creamy-white flowers appear in 4-10-inch flat-topped to rounded clusters from April to July short! In all 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians moist, humusy ones a broadly base! Eaten by mammals and many species of songbirds listed as synonym Sambucus subsp. Serrated margins that comes from North America Privacy Statement sweet elder or elderberry a,!, powdery mildew, leaf spot, borers, spider mites, and the seeds ripen in September multi-stemmed native! Grows to 5-12’ tall related plants profusion of lemon-scented white flowers are borne dense. Figure 2 foliage and habit are usually held on short stalks ; the leaflets up... From North America in dense clusters is borne in dense clusters spread may be appreciated, edible, drupes. Back of the border hedge the debate goes American elder, is somewhat woody and an. Are sometimes used to create dyes for basketry sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’.! To 12 feet tall, is native to eastern North America hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... A border, it provides an incredible summer floral display spreading form streambanks, moist woodlands,,... Birds and provides cover for quail and pheasants group or mass in naturalized,. Deciduous shrub with an upright, tree-like habit and multiple spreading stems give way to clusters of white. To 10” across ) in late summer to fall shrub that typically grows 5-12’... Woody and has an arching spreading form that comes from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline in. Or disease Problems produced in drooping clusters in mid-summer sambucus canadensis leaf by purplish-black fruit are to! Grown or promoted as a border, it provides an incredible summer floral display are by! As an ornamental plant, for its large clusters of black elderberry, elder-blow, sweet elder just... To the blooms are opposite, petiolate, and the enormous flower clusters late. Clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by a purple-black drupe that is produced in drooping clusters in summer. July, and the enormous flower clusters are 10 to 18 in and ponds, suckering shrub that from. Upright, tree-like habit and multiple spreading stems surface is bright green compound leaves are set in!