Before 1972, humans around the … To curb pollution and deforestation in Indonesia and protect livelihoods and unique species, including coral reefs, we are engaging business in conservation initiatives and protecting marine environments. Marine plastics pollution (MPP) is an alarming problem affecting many countries, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, and generated mostly from land-based sources.Five Asian countries (i.e. In fact, 80 percent of plastic pollution comes from just 20 countries, including the United States. China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Sri Lanka) have been identified as the largest sources of MPP globally. Marine Pollution Indonesia commits to reduce waste by 30% and to manage waste properly by 70% of total waste generation in 2025, as stated in Presidential Regulation No. Marine pollution, as distinct from overall water pollution, focuses on human-created products that enter the ocean. The ocean is an ecosystem, so when the ocean is polluted, natural processes, marine life, oxygen supply, and water supplies are all compromised, too. The largest archipelago in the world at the crossroads of two oceans and the second largest marine plastic polluter after China,Indonesia has a key role to play in the fight against marine pollution. (Photo Courtesy of Presidential Staff Office/Laily Rachev) While China is a major polluter, contributing 8.82 tons of plastic wastage that wind up in the earth's seas annually, it is certainly not alone. Abstract. Indonesia has called for comprehensive regulations to tackle marine pollution that threatens the sustainability of marine life. These countries have poor waste management infrastructure and a lack of education around the harms of single use plastics. 97/ 2017. A detailed look at the share of each country to this marine pollution gives out a clearer picture of the major culprits. Indonesia is second only to China as the world’s largest contributor to plastic pollution. More plastic in the ocean comes from China and Indonesia than anywhere else — together, they account for one-third of plastic pollution. Asia is a major source of marine plastic pollution, with the five largest contributors are found in Asia; China, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka. Ocean pollution definitely affects humans, but most importantly, it directly affects the ocean itself. There are a number of reasons as to why this is the case. Of this, Indonesia is estimated to contribute roughly 200,000 tons of waste from its rivers and streams. Waste reducing is done through waste prevention, waste recycling, and waste reusing including plastic bag restriction, community-based composting, A total of 3.2 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste came from Indonesia and it is estimated that 1.29 million metric tons became plastic marine debris. 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