2. The region Midt-Norge/Midt-Noreg (Central Norway) is often used as a synonym to Trøndelag, but also includes Møre og Romsdal (according to some definitions only Nordmøre and parts of Romsdal).The southernmost part of Nordland is also sometimes considered to be part of Central Norway.Similarly, Rogaland, or parts of Rogaland, is sometimes grouped with Southern Norway instead of Western Norway. Norway and the Region. [citation needed]. The main political division reflects differing views on the importance of free-market forces; but the socialists long ago stopped insisting on nationalization of the country’s industry, and the nonsocialists have accepted extensive governmental control of the country’s economy. Thus, many Norwegian sailors and ships were lost. All Norwegian dialects are mutually intelligible, although listeners with limited exposure to dialects other than their own may struggle to understand certain phrases and pronunciations in some other dialects. The mountain ranges have subarctic and tundra climates. Because of Norway's high latitude, there are large seasonal variations in daylight. Norway maintains close ties with both the European Union and the United States. Finnmarksvidda and the interior valleys of Troms and Nordland also receive less than 300 millimetres (12 inches) annually. [73] Olaf's mother and Haakon's widow, Queen Margaret, managed the foreign affairs of Denmark and Norway during the minority of Olaf IV.[70]. [127], The 2016 Environmental Performance Index from Yale University, Columbia University and the World Economic Forum put Norway in seventeenth place, immediately below Croatia and Switzerland. This current usually keeps the fjords from freezing, even in the Arctic Finnmark region. Rivers running westward acquired tremendous erosive power. Remnants of the native religion and beliefs of Norway survive today in the form of names, referential names of cities and locations, the days of the week, and other parts of everyday language. [53], Feudalism never really developed in Norway or Sweden, as it did in the rest of Europe. On 1 January 2017, Norway made the church independent of the state, but retained the Church's status as the "people's church". This percentage is for the mainland, Svalbard, and Jan Mayen. All three languages are to a degree mutually intelligible and can be, and commonly are, employed in communication among inhabitants of the Scandinavian countries. Norway is also the world's second-largest exporter of fish (in value, after China). Christianity is the predominant religion constituting about 84.70% of the population followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and other religions. The Courts' strict and formal mission is to regulate the Norwegian judicial system, interpret the Constitution, and as such implement the legislation adopted by Parliament. Norway, country of northern Europe that occupies the western half of the Scandinavian peninsula. The surrounding mountains offer a multitude of ski resorts, but skiing is not all that Eastern Norway is known for. [130], Norway is considered to be one of the most developed democracies and states of justice in the world. The coastal baseline is 2,532 kilometres (1,573 mi). Christianity is the largest religion in Norway having a membership of 4,133,360 people practicing the religion which is 84.70% of the total population. In 2011, 28% of state revenues were generated from the petroleum industry. The films Die Another Day, The Golden Compass, Spies Like Us and Heroes of Telemark, as well as the TV series Lilyhammer and Vikings also had scenes set in Norway. King Charles III John, who came to the throne of Norway and Sweden in 1818, was the second king following Norway's break from Denmark and the union with Sweden. Now press on the region you want to travel to. From the 1970s, gender equality also came high on the state agenda, with the establishment of a public body to promote gender equality, which evolved into the Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud. This period also saw the rise of the Norwegian romantic nationalism, as Norwegians sought to define and express a distinct national character. The railways transported 56,827,000 passengers 2,956 million passenger-kilometres and 24,783,000 tonnes of cargo 3,414 million tonne-kilometres. Charles John was a complex man whose long reign extended to 1844. Jan Garbarek, Terje Rypdal, Mari Boine, Arild Andersen and Bugge Wesseltoft are internationally recognised while Paal Nilssen-Love, Supersilent, Jaga Jazzist and Wibutee are becoming world-class artists of the younger generation.[281]. [192] All domestic passenger trains except the Airport Express Train are operated by Norges Statsbaner (NSB). In his play Peer Gynt, Ibsen characterised this period as "Twice two hundred years of darkness/brooded o'er the race of monkeys." They caused an uproar because of his candid portrayals of the middle classes, complete with infidelity, unhappy marriages, and corrupt businessmen. Hornindalsvatnet is the deepest lake in all Europe. [239], According to the 2010 Eurobarometer Poll, 22% of Norwegian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", 44% responded that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 29% responded that "they don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force". Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}61°N 8°E / 61°N 8°E / 61; 8. Kalstad and D. Storm. Geography, climate and environment", "Norske steder blant de tørreste i Europa (Places in Norway among the driest in Europe)", "Climate of Norway: Temperature, Climate graph, Climate table for Norway", "Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification", "World map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "World Weather Information Service – Bergen", "Bergen – Florida Climate Normals: Temperature 2005–2014, all other data 1961–1990", "Bergen, Norway Monthly temperature weather history", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "WWF – Norway's forest heritage under threat", "25 Reasons Norway Is The Greatest Place On Earth", "Best, Worst World Heritage Sites Ranked", "Norway: come for the sun, stay for the light show", "2016 Environmental Performance Index (excel/xls)", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", World's Top Democratic Governments: Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2010 (PHOTOS), Sida/Så arbetar vi/EIU_Democracy_Index_Dec2011.pdf Democracy index 2011, Democracy Index 2013: Global Democracy At A Standstill, The Economist Intelligence Unit's Annual Report Shows, "itemid":%5b"001-81356"%5d} "Case of Folgerø and Others v. Norway", "Norway election: Erna Solberg to form new government", "Norge utvider Dronning Maud Land helt frem til Sydpolen", "Global Corruption Barometer 2013-Norway". In the 20th century, Norwegian academics have been pioneering in many social sciences, including criminology, sociology and peace and conflict studies. The hunting-fishing population of the west coast was also gradually replaced by farmers, though hunting and fishing remained useful secondary means of livelihood. The counties are administered through directly elected county assemblies who elect the County Governor. [206] Seven airports have more than one million passengers annually. Fra fornorskningspolitikk mot kulturelt mangfold. This article is about the European country. A 4% election threshold is required for a party to gain levelling seats in Parliament. From the southernmost point a swelling complex of ranges, collectively called Lang Mountains, runs northward to divide eastern Norway, or Østlandet, from western Norway, or Vestlandet. The disease pattern in Norway changed from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases and chronic diseases as cardiovascular disease. Nous vous recommandons vivement de découvrir une région à la fois, et revenir une autre fois pour explorer le reste. It is different from Belgian in taste and consistency and is served with sour cream, brown cheese, butter and sugar, or strawberry or raspberry jam, which can all be mixed or eaten separately. The ultimate responsibility for the education lies with the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. [220], In 2012, of the total 660,000 with immigrant background, 407,262 had Norwegian citizenship (62.2%). [229] This is mostly because of increased immigration by residents of the EU, in particular from Poland. 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