Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. We can all bear some things, we can all believe some things, we can all hope some things, and we can all endure some things. Envy put Jesus on the cross: For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy (Matthew 27:18). Even if this translation is correct, it does nothing to suggest when tongues will cease. Poole has a fascinating comment, suggesting that the tongues of… angels describes how God may speak to us in a non-verbal way: “Angels have no tongues, nor make any articulate audible sounds, by which they understand one another; but yet there is certainly a society or intercourse among angels, which could not be upheld without some way amongst them to communicate their minds and wills to each other. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Real love “never supposes that a good action may have a bad motive… The original implies that he does not invent or devise any evil.” (Clarke). iii. Heaven is precious to us for many reasons. But it can be defined as a sacrificial, giving, absorbing kind of love. It is by no means honorable to men or women to set up to be common informers. Though not finished with the subject of spiritual gifts, Paul pauses in his discourse to show that the central theme of Christian life is not gifts but love. (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. d. Have not love: Paul uses the ancient Greek word agape. The more excellent way Paul has spoken of is the way of love. It says that God loved the world and that is why HE sent Jesus to die for the World. Philia is the third word for love. The Superiority of Love. a. ii. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Love denies herself, sacrifices herself, that she may win victories for God, and hers shall be no tinsel crown.” (Spurgeon), b. Love… bears all things: The word for bears can also be translated covers. It is love so great that it can be given to the unlovable or unappealing. Clarke describes the heart which does not envy: “They are ever willing that others should be preferred before them.”. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. b. b. b. Bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. 1. But in heaven, I will know God as perfectly as I can; I will know just as I also am known. 1 Corinthians 13:13, ESV: "So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love." I n the middle of the Apostle Paul’s exposition on spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians chapters 12 to 14 is the often quoted chapter on love: 1 Corinthians 13. A wonderful measure of kindness is to see how children receive us. iv. T… It is a grace, lasting as eternity. a. It is one that addresses the core characteristics of what it means to be a Christian, and these things will never change no matter the generation. And it is but just to fear, that such as tempt Christ, will be … In Paul’s day, many Jews believed angels had their own language, and by the Spirit, one could speak it. But love is so valuable, so important, that apart from it, every other good thing is useless. Love: At the beginning, we see love is described by action words, not by lofty concepts. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:6-14 (Read 1 Corinthians 10:6-14) Carnal desires gain strength by indulgence, therefore should be checked in their first rise. This isn’t love; it is pride looking for glory by the appearance of love. The word has little to do with emotion; it has much to do with self-denial for the sake of another. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. And God is faithful; He will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. When I was a child: Childish things are appropriate for children, and the gifts are appropriate for our present time. We can measure our spiritual maturity by seeing how it sounds when we put our name in place of the word love. Salem Media Group. Once again it will thus be helpful to read my comments for the Second Sunday of Epiphany with their introduction to the Corinthian themes that underlie the argument here. i. 1 Corinthians 13:12 “For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. 1 Corinthians 13:13. and is said to be so, not that it is on every account the greatest; faith in many things exceeds that, as what is ascribed to it in Scripture shows; but because of the peculiar properties and effects of it before mentioned, it including faith and hope, as in ( 1 Corinthians 13:7 ) and besides many other things, and because, without this, faith and hope are nothing: and besides, its usefulness is more … Certainly, that is the that which is perfect spoken of in 1 Corinthians 13:10 as well. b. Agape love gives and loves because it wants to; it does not demand or expect repayment from the love given. Love suffers long: Love will endure a long time. d. Love… does not behave rudely: Where there is love, there will be kindness and good manners. What do you really want more of? Once when Carey was at a dinner party, a snobbish lord tried to insult him by saying very loudly, “Mr. It destroys enemies by turning them into friends. “Love covers; that is, it never proclaims the errors of good men. Even those who do not like Paul, for whatever reason, still love this chapter because love is good. Many Christians believe the Christian life is all about sacrifice – sacrificing your money, your life, for the cause of Jesus Christ. ii. (Colossians 1:4-5), vi. “The streets of gold will have small attraction to us, the harps of angels will but slightly enchant us, compared with the King in the midst of the throne. . (1 Thessalonians 5:8), iii. True love is always demonstrated by action. i. When the sun rises, we turn off the lesser lights. God does not have hope the way we have hope, because He knows all things and is in complete control. Paul is saying that we need to use love as the driving characteristic of what motivates … The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, 1 Corinthians [Moody Press], p. 341). Paul is emphasizing the focus and goal of the gifts: love, not the gifts for their own sake. 1 John 3:2 tells us when we get to heaven, we shall see Him as He is. e. Love… does not seek its own: Paul communicates the same idea in Romans 12:10: in honor giving preference to one another. Inthat letter, I told you to have nothing to do with men with bad character’ (1Corinthians 5:9). It is a love that loves without changing. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. While Paul recognizes the importance of the spiritual gifts and their place in the Christian’s life, he tells that there is something superior to these gifts. To be a follower of Christ is to take a stand on the values of faith, hope and love, with love prevailing above all else. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Such is the difference between earth and heaven. What is your Christian life focused on? Sacrifice is important, but without love it is useless, it profits me nothing. It speaks of a brotherly friendship and affection. When hurt, it does not say, “It will be this way forever, and even get worse.” It hopes for the best, and it hopes in God. A church should never be forced to choose between love and gifts of the Holy Spirit. i. We won’t need to hope in the coming of Jesus once He comes. For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. The ‘previous’ letter. The more likely sense is execution, but it really matters little, because the essential meaning is the same – great personal sacrifice. Moses’ face was not literally beholding the literal face of God, but he did enjoy direct, intimate, conversation with the Lord. It accomplishes nothing, except to hurt. There will come a day when the gifts are unnecessary, but that day has not come yet. One writer tells of a tribe in Polynesia where it was customary for each man to keep some reminders of his hatred for others. Though some that believe the miraculous gifts ceased with the apostles say it refers to the completion of the New Testament, they are wrong. Paul draws the attention back to love. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 10:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 10 is part of a larger unit (8:1 - 11:1) focused on the question of eating meat sacrificed to idols. These destroy more souls by tithing mint and cummin, than others do by neglecting the weightier matters of the law. g.] ought to be estimated, exercised, and elevated, according to love and its standard. “Love, as far as she can, believes in her fellows. b. b. It gives because it loves; it does not love in order to receive. We will know just as I also am known. If you lose love, you lose everything. A man with that kind of faith can move great mountains, but he will set them down right in the path of somebody else – or right on somebody else – if he doesn’t have love. Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known. 13 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. ii. Both to parade itself and to be puffed up are simply rooted in pride. I f 1 Corinthians 13 is our measure of love, America has never loved Black people, and the church is complicit. Love does not envy: Envy is one of the least productive and most damaging of all sins. Be prepared, therefore, to contend with “all things” in them.” (Spurgeon), ii. He is simply writing well, saying the same thing in three different ways. i. It is the love of deep friendship and partnership. Their analysis sounds scholarly, but is disregarded by virtually all scholars of ancient Greek. d. For now we see in a mirror: This speaks again to the perfect fellowship with God we will have one day. i. William Carey is thought by many to be the founder of the modern missionary movement. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . We long to be with loved ones who have passed before us and whom we miss so dearly. i. c. But the greatest of these is love: Love is greatest because it will continue, even grow, in the eternal state. Without love, a person may speak with the gift of tongues, but it is as meaningless as sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. Agape is the fourth word for love. This is the sense in which John says No one has seen God at any time (1 John 4:12). And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love. c. Prophecy, knowledge, and faith to do miracles are likewise irrelevant apart from love. Pride of face is obnoxious, pride of race is vulgar, but the worst pride is pride of grace! They will end, but love never fails. d. Whether there are tongues, they will cease: Many who believe the miraculous gifts ended with the apostles (such as John MacArthur) claim since the verb will cease is not in the passive, but in the middle voice, it could be translated, tongues will stop by themselves. God has given spiritual gifts to the Church. For in our present state, we are mere infants in knowledge, in comparison of what we shall be hereafter. Yet, even with that kind of faith we are nothing without love. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a … Most of us do the same. But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation. Some believe the burning referred to here is not execution, but branding as a criminal or as a slave for the sake of the gospel. They do things many would perceive as loving, yet they do them in a manner that would parade itself. One of the three major types of rhetoric was epideictic (involving praise or blame), and one of the three types of epideictic rhetoric was the encomium, a praise of a person or subject. It seems like a lot more than a part! This is being like Jesus in a most basic way, being an others-centered person instead of a self-centered person. John MacArthur claims, “tongues ceased in the apostolic age and that when they stopped, they stopped for good.” But this passage doesn’t tell us “tongues will stop by themselves,” and it tells us tongues will cease only when that which is perfect has come. Who can listen to a preacher drone on and on, and say they only prophesy in part? It does not have to have the limelight or the attention to do a good job, or to be satisfied with the result. Such persons have what is termed, and very properly too, sour godliness.” (Clarke). All rights reserved. 1 Corinthians 13 is considered one of the most frequently-cited chapters. This chapter of Corinthians is addressing themes of integrity, and of the heart. Also, Philippians 2:4 carries the same thought: Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others. d. Love… hopes all things: Love has confidence in the future, not pessimism. i. Paul, quoting the idea of Jesus, refers to faith which could remove mountains (Matthew 17:20). A hurtful particle intrudes itself into its shell, and this vexes and grieves it. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. The word used is agape, which is correctly translated as love. Again, the meaning is the same, and the difference is really minor. Let us fear the sins of Israel, if we would shun their plagues. John Calvin thought the will cease spoke of the eternal state. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Because faith, hope, and love are so important, we should expect to see them emphasized throughout the New Testament. Tongues are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, sacrifice is good. First Corinthians 13:1–3 makes the point that without love the gifts are worthless. And the first caution refers to the deceivers, viz., Watch, stand; the next to those who plot against us, quit you like men; the third to those who make parties and endeavour to distract, let all your things be done with charity, which thing is the bond of perfection, and the root and the fountain of all blessings.”. Proud member 1 Corinthians Chapter 13. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Paul reminds them even the gift of tongues is meaningless without love. . ii. In the spiritual sense which Moses had a face to face relationship with God, we can have a free and open relationship with God. d. Love is also the greatest because it is an attribute of God (1 John 4:8), and faith and hope are not part of God’s character and personality. “Love is never satisfied but in the welfare, comfort, and salvation of all. We couldn’t handle this greater knowledge on this side of eternity. But in the ultimate sense, it will wait until then, when we are united with Jesus in glory. But the way tongues is used here shows it can, and usually does, refer to a supernatural language by which a believer communicates to God. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. These reminders were suspended from the roofs of their huts to keep alive the memory of the wrongs, real or imagined. Among Christians, the worst pride is spiritual pride. But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away. e. Whether there are tongues, they will cease: In his use of will fail and will cease and will vanish away, Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is not trying to say that prophecies, tongues, and knowledge have different fates. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 2 And if I have () prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, () so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. Typically, part of the i. Without love, it profits me nothing. Therefore, the gifts of the Holy Spirit are appropriate for the present time, but they are not permanent. This view sees a strong parallel between 1 Corinthians 13:10 and Ephesians 4:13: "until all of us come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to maturity, to the measure of the full stature of Christ." Love never fails: Paul addresses the over-emphasis the Corinthian Christians had on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. e. Love… endures all things: Most of us can bear all things, and believe all things, and hope all things, but only for a while! But even if the rich young ruler had done what Jesus said, yet had not love, it would have been of no profit. i. There are busybodies abroad who never spy out a fault in a brother but they must hurry off to their next neighbour with the savoury news, and then they run up and down the street as though they had been elected common criers. f. We prophesy in part: This is airtight evidence prophecy is not the exact same thing as preaching, or even “inspired” preaching. Nay, without this the most glorious gifts are nothing, of no account to us, of no esteem in the sight of God. But God is love, and will always be love. Paul isn’t trying to make us choose, but he wants to emphasize the point to the Corinthian Christians: without love as the motive and goal, the gifts are meaningless distractions. When I was a child, &c. — The difference between our present and future conceptions of spiritual things may be illustrated by the knowledge of a child compared to that of a man. Moses was kept from the Promised Land because he became provoked at the people of Israel (Numbers 20:2-11). G. Campbell Morgan wrote that examining this chapter is like dissecting a flower to understand it. iii. 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