The Chinese name for homalomena is 'qian … For your pets you may want to visit the ASPCA. Rest easy knowing that your plant will not ship until it is inspected, watered, bagged and properly packaged. Once shipped all sales are final, tracking info. Note: shipping delays may occur if we experience a heavier volume of orders. Due to the current global environment, ALL SALES ARE FINAL ONCE ITEMS ARE IN THE POSSESSION OF THE CARRIER. On occasion some orders may be delayed if the weather conditions in your area warrant that the shipment be held. Will usually post within 10 business days of receiving cleared payment. Homalomena ‘Selby’ (Homalomena hybrid) Homalomenas are tropical plants native to the humid rainforests of Southeastern Asia and are somewhat of a newcomer to many houseplant collections. View cart for details. You will have to do your research. Philodendron bipennifolium aurea "volin gold" Regular Price $100.00 Sale Price $75.00. Occasionally transit damage will occur. We make absolutely no claims as to plant safety, of any plant whatsoever. Homalomena Rubescens. We are experience and expert in bulbs and plants export to worldwide for more than 14 years. Glowing maroon and pink long stems emerge from the base with darker thin lines of maroon and gold. PHP 290. Out of stock ... (homalomena rubescens) #0J3-4a. We apologize for any inconvenience, and we hope that in the majority of cases our faster processing times work to your advantage. This helps to ensure the survival of your new plant. Just 34. Description. Given ample space this ornate plant can grow to heights of 1 to 2 feet tall with a similar spread. Items marked (Similar To Photos Above*) leaf count may vary along with color, pattern etc. CAN ORDERS BE SHIPPED OUTSIDE THE US? We process orders very quickly, and once an order begins the fulfillment process we're unable to modify it. ( 1 customer review) ₹ 799.00 ₹ 399.00. We not only trust UPS® with our plants. Our two most popular indoor plants are back instock. Last item available. Second, If you only receive a partial shipment don't worry. Though magic and miracles are beyond us, we are doing everything in our power to ship everyone's plants as quickly as possible. We do not ship the actual plant in the photos. Awesome splotches and speckles of silvery green adorn the elephant ear shaped leaves. ","confirmFieldErrorMsg":"These fields must match! Our new, reusable, recyclable deep pots are 8 inches deep and 3x3 inches in diameter. CAN I CHANGE A SHIPPING ADDRESS ONCE I'VE PLACED AN ORDER? Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, DC, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin. There are 12 items available. The seller won't accept returns for this item. Sorry,  At the present the only shipping option available is UPS Ground ®. Glowing maroon and pink long stems emerge from the base with darker thin lines of maroon and gold. Pot size: 17cm diameter Plant height: Approx. The item you've selected wasn't added to your cart. Something went wrong. The color and style of these pots may vary. Quick View. We stay focused and work through orders we receive with a positive attitude and a smile. click here. Buy 2.5 ft HOMALOMENA RUBESCENS in Manila,Philippines. The plants for sale are medium+ sized for this species, but grow fairly quickly and are a great option for a medium/large interior plant. New!! Photo Info. holiday special Quick View. We're sorry. Do this with Pokon green houseplants. With our state of the art packaging we can ensure that your new plant arrives in style. It depends on the extent of the damage. Private Collection Elephant Ear (homalomena rubescens) #.0J4-9a, Gold Flek Elephant Ear (homalomena rubescens) #.0J4-1a, Gold Flek Elephant Ear (homalomena rubescens) #.0J4-2a. PLEASE TRACK YOUR PACKAGE! Out of stock. click here. Soiled is the only destination for exotic indoor plants - We Ship all over India - More than 100 exotic and rare indoor plants 10 BULBS RAIN LILY ZEPHYRANTHES ROSEA .FLOWERING SIZE. Homalomena Rubescens ‘Maggy’ is an unusual eye-catching plant that will create a tropical jungle look in your home. If your shipment arrives and the box is severely crushed or damaged, you can either refuse the shipment or place a "Claim" directly with UPS Ground for loss or damage at UPS.com. At the current time we do not ship to Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico. 1 bulb King of Heart Homalomena rubescens (Roxb.) Homalomena care as a houseplant will require an optimal temperature of between 60-90 F. (16-32 C.). To ensure proper delivery  most orders will take 1 - 3 weeks. WILL ALL OF MY PACKAGES BE SHIPPED BY UPS? Cacti prefer a sunny location. Homalomena rubescens, Indoor Plant, Rare Rain Forest Plant Free Shipping use DHL Express Kokonatplants. Cool, unusual, rare, different, lush, leafy, exotic, rainforest, tall, statement plant. CAN I CANCEL MY ORDER? We are closed for the winter and again will open in the spring. Quick View. Your new plant is bagged to keep the soil moist and to ensure that the soil stays in the pot not loose in the box. The green leaf variety is very common and can often be found in your local box store, however this newly discovered, tropical, golden corrugated leaf variety is very rare in the U.S. homalomena rubescens green foliage homalomena rubescens qen/spade foliage homalomena rubescens silver foliage homalomena wallisii foliage indoor garden assorted bowl foliage indoor plant group foliage kaempferia gilbertia foliage kaempferia rotunda foliage kohleria bogotensis foliage The Homalomena rubescens will do great in many homes with its red stems and heart-shaped leaves. With reasonable rates, careful handling and on time service you can be sure that your shipment will arrive ready to be enjoyed. Sale 2 Plants!! If your plant arrives a bit shaken and stressed, simply follow your plants "Care & Culture" instructions and it should return to its full beauty and luster with in a few weeks. No additional import charges at delivery! As the situation evolves we will adjust our policies accordingly to best serve you. Chances are you will loose all the money spent, so PLEASE TRACK YOUR PACKAGE and have someone there to accept it. ), 20/50/100 pcs Sealable Mushroom Spawn/Grow Bag - US SELLER, Chanterelle Mushroom Spores in Sawdust Garden Mushrooms Spore Grow Kit 5 gal, 1-5/8" Ogee Groove Router Bit - 1/2" Shank - Yonico 14984, Calathea roseopicta Dottie plants DHL Express Free Phytosanitary Certificate, Malt Extract Agar(MEA) Organic Green Petri Plates, Pack of 5 (Sealed Separately). The delivery time can vary depending on the work load, seasonal holidays and your location. You can see the various pot sizes and actual plants ready to ship. Please read our Terms of Service and Return Policies prior to purchasing. Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab, Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab, Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab. H. Wallisii is the rare cousin of the increasingly popular Homalomena Rubescens variety. Our team members are always in the field maintaining the foliage. Super White Birkin & Mini. Homalomena Rubescens (Roxb.) Notice: JavaScript is required for this content. Homalomena has been very popular with our customers who want a very easy, durable interior plant in low light conditions. Orders shipping to Alaska, Hawaii and internationally will not be accepted. ***** I will cut the leaves to ship only the root and the short leaves to you, no soil and no pot. This amount is subject to change until you make payment. holiday special Quick View. HOW ARE PLANTS PACKAGED FOR SHIPMENT? Most of the plants offered are very tropical and require temperatures above 40º at all times. ","calculations":[],"formContentData":["sign_up_1570807603666","sign_up_1570807030161"],"drawerDisabled":false,"sub_limit_number":"4500","ninjaForms":"Ninja Forms","fieldTextareaRTEInsertLink":"Insert Link","fieldTextareaRTEInsertMedia":"Insert Media","fieldTextareaRTESelectAFile":"Select a file","formHoneypot":"If you are a human seeing this field, please leave it empty. is automatically emailed as soon as it becomes available you must trace the shipment to your door, we simply ship the product to the address supplied to us on your invoice, we ARE NOT responsible for lost, stolen or damaged packages once delivered, this includes heat or cold damage when delivered outside. With too much shade, the plants turn gray and fillet. Name: Homalomena Rubescens AKA: Queen of Hearts, Shield Plant Why we love it: This plant has only recently been introduced and grown for indoor spaces. Please check the pot size located in the plant description and refer to the (best packaging) link at the bottom of the page to get a better idea of what you will receive or contact us prior to purchase. UPS Ground Shipping and Packaging to Eastern Regions: The Homalomena rubescens does not like too much direct sunlight, so take this into account. Immediately unpack your plants very carefully, most damage occurs in the hurried attempt to see the new plants. Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 1 customer rating. Plant Profile, Culture and Propagation : Botanical Name: Homalomena Rubescens (Roxb.) Quick View. Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. This is a great plant for smaller gardens or containers. With the current USDA regulations regarding shipment of live plants, our family of growers are restricted to and governed by the guidelines for certification within the lower 48 states only. Super Rare Homalomena Rubescens Variegated Live Plant Fully Rooted FloristaPearl $ 1,877.00. plant alocasia antoro velvet free phytosanitary certificate DHL EXPRESS, Mushroom Liquid Cultures (Over 120 Cultures to Choose From! ","fileUploadOldCodeFileUpload":"FILE UPLOAD","currencySymbol":false,"thousands_sep":",","decimal_point":". 1 Bulb of HOMALOMENA RUBESCENS KUNTH, Family : ARACEAE , plant from THAILAND. This amount is subject to change until you make payment. anthurium atropurpureum. ‘Selby’ is characterized by light-to-medium green oval foliage with dark green speckling throughout. MY ORDER JUST ARRIVED, WHAT DO I NEED TO DO TO THE PLANTS? Do not overwater. If for any reason you need to cancel an order it must be done ASAP prior to packaging for a full refund. If in question, please do your homework prior to ordering. PHOTOS ARE FOR EDITORIAL PURPOSES ONLY TO PROVIDE A LIKENESS OF THE PLANTS OFFERED. Homalomena Rubescens Variegata #0J2-1. It can reach a height of approximately nine inches, with dark, heart-shaped green leaves. The Homalomena rubescens is a plant from the Alocasia and Philodendron family. Homalomena Lemon Lime is the rare cousin of the increasingly popular Homalomena Rubescens variety.It’s easy care, disease resistance and tolerance to low light conditions and stress make it the perfect house plant. WHAT IF MY PACKAGE IS LOST OR STOLEN? Limited Quantities only. No. More than 49% sold. Adding to your cart. An Emerald Gem plant or Homalomena, native to tropical Asia and South America, is an upright plant with dark green, waxy, spade-shaped leaves. It enjoys the damp, humid environment of the rainforest floor, receiving soft dappled light through the canopy. var formDisplay=1;var nfForms=nfForms||[];var form=[];form.id='3';form.settings={"objectType":"Form Setting","editActive":true,"title":"Newsletter On-Page","show_title":0,"allow_public_link":0,"embed_form":"","clear_complete":1,"hide_complete":1,"default_label_pos":"above","wrapper_class":"","element_class":"","key":"","add_submit":0,"changeEmailErrorMsg":"Please enter a valid email address! Homalomena houseplants do well in medium to low light exposures but truly thrive in medium light conditions. Great for the office as well. At the current time we do not ship to Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Out of stock. #0J3-2a. Though it seldom occurs, when you receive your plant, leaves may drop, have spotting, folds, or even a bite mark or two in addition leaf browning may occur especially on plants with significant white coloration, this is only natural. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Sign in to check out Check out as guest . Plants growing here are grown in a natural, humid, rainforest-like environment with little to no pesticides. Wow, like a present! We will be closing our online stores from September 30 2020 through April 15 2021. Add to Watchlist Unwatch. Homalomena rubescens ‘maggy’ is a native of Assam or Bangladesh, Southern Asia. Given ample space this ornate plant can grow to heights of 1 to 2 feet tall with a similar spread. Yes. It varies. For additional information, see the Global Shipping Program. UPS ® has proven themselves in the industry and have become the carrier of choice for our family of growers. click here. We can not guarantee any future variegation patterns, coloration, survival or growth rate of any plant though most of the mother plants we propagate from have been successfully growing here for 20 plus years, some plants may still sport. You must return items in their original packaging and in the same condition as when you received them. It is best to acclimate this plant to its environment by keeping it outside and slowly moving it into a sunny area over a week or so to avoid stress. Email is the most efficient way to answer questions and concerns. If you have questions about your order, please contact us via email. Remember with plants you're in it for the long haul, to enjoy their natural beauty and possibly share a cutting or two with friends and family. Note: We do not warrant bent or broken leaves, it is only natural that some minor damage will occur. Get great deals on Plants Chat to Buy Follow this link to read up more on the care for these house plants. Only 1 available and it's in 2 people's carts. This is a great plant for smaller gardens or containers. If you have any issues contact UPS, not us. Get the item you ordered or get your money back. Gold Flek Elephant Ear (homalomena rubescens) #0J3-5a. Products growing in these pots are easy to transplant and allow for deeper, faster growth and are designated with a -t3, most of these are often come with a 36" totem. That said, growing Homalomena plants can withstand temperatures as low as 40 F. (4 C.) with little to no damage. If we are out of a particular size item, we may ship a larger size at no additional charge. Your orders and our customer service are the lifeblood of Botanical Growers. ... Plants are photographed a few days prior to the sale, the sale lasts a week or so and figure in packaging and shipping time, chances are when you receive your new plant it may look a little different and have a new leaf or two. Please read our Terms of Service and Return Policies prior to purchasing. (Note: The item sku number can be found just below the buy button.) All plants for sale will vary in size. Minimum temperature. Before leaving our growers all plants are inspected, watered and pruned if necessary. First, read your packing slip to be sure that everything you ordered has been shipped. ## Bulb HOMALOMENA RUBESCENS Tropical Plant + Free Phytosanitary Certificate ###, {"modules":["unloadOptimization","bandwidthDetection"],"unloadOptimization":{"browsers":{"Firefox":true,"Chrome":true}},"bandwidthDetection":{"url":"https://ir.ebaystatic.com/cr/v/c1/thirtysevens.jpg","maxViews":4,"imgSize":37,"expiry":300000,"timeout":250}}. Shipping information can only be changed if you email our customer service immediately after your order has been submitted. The dark green leaves are marbled with bright yellow markings. Thank you all for a wonderful year. Homalomena is a perennial type of garden plant found worldwide, especially in the tropical and humid climates of Central America and Asia. Light: Semi-shade to full shade with preference to bright … WHAT DO I DO IF I DO NOT RECEIVE MY ENTIRE ORDER? Understand at that point your plants have been pulled from various greenhouses, tagged, cleaned, bagged, watered, wrapped, bagged again, packaged with p-nuts, paperwork, box, tape and state permits. philodendron el choco red cutting. There is no need to panic. ","fieldNumberNumMinError":"Number Min Error","fieldNumberNumMaxError":"Number Max Error","fieldNumberIncrementBy":"Please increment by ","formErrorsCorrectErrors":"Please correct errors before submitting this form. Cactaceae Cowboy + Plant Free Phytosanitary Certificate, Anthurium Crystallinum 5 Plant Free Phytosanitary Certificate Indonesian. From shop Kokonatplants $ 47.44. Read your packing slip. Please refer to the above guidelines. thailandplant has no other items for sale. Received product in record time. click here. 2.5ft and 3ft tall homalomena rubescens with babies price starts at 500 Get great deals on Flowers & Plants Chat to Buy Cactus Care, location. Reduce in Winter. Local UPS Ground Shipping and Packaging to: Florida and Georgia. Copyright 2020 © Botanical Growers Network / Hampton Fl. The Homalomena rubescens prefers a light spot in partial shade. If your entire shipment does not arrive within 4 weeks from the time you placed your order, please e-mail us with your order number and name so we can trace the missing item(s) and promptly correct the situation. Copyright © 1995-2020 eBay Inc. All Rights Reserved. 100% Imported from Holland with a plant passport. Most plants designated with a sku ending in -4, -6 or -8 will arrive in a standard 4 inch, 6 inch or 8 inch round growers pot respectively. They are the exclusive shipper of our growers when it comes to plants, pots and accessories. Thanks","logged_in":false,"not_logged_in_msg":"","sub_limit_msg":"The form has reached its submission limit. ","siteLocale":"en_US","dateFormat":"m\/d\/Y","startOfWeek":"1","of":"of","previousMonth":"Previous Month","nextMonth":"Next Month","months":["January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December"],"monthsShort":["Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun","Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"],"weekdays":["Sunday","Monday","Tuesday","Wednesday","Thursday","Friday","Saturday"],"weekdaysShort":["Sun","Mon","Tue","Wed","Thu","Fri","Sat"],"weekdaysMin":["Su","Mo","Tu","We","Th","Fr","Sa"],"currency_symbol":"","beforeForm":"","beforeFields":"","afterFields":"","afterForm":""};form.fields=[{"objectType":"Field","objectDomain":"fields","editActive":false,"order":1,"type":"email","label":"Sign Up","key":"sign_up_1570807603666","label_pos":"above","required":1,"default":"","placeholder":"Sign-up Today! Orders canceled after the UPS tracking information has been sent but prior to shipping will be charged a 30% restocking fee. Regular Price $165.00 Sale Price $99.00. The Homalomena rubescens features red stems and heart-shaped leaves. If you don't follow our. Add to cart . Aug 4, 2018 - 55 Likes, 1 Comments - Water & Light Plant Shop (@addwaterandlight) on Instagram: “Homalomena Rubescens are primarily found in southern Asia and the … Orders placed from the western regions can have an extended delivery time up to 8 days, we strongly recommend orders be placed in early spring or late fall to avoid hot summer temps. We anticipate its popularity is on the rise, as it does well in low light and is resistant to pest pressures. Payment is due within 5 days. Western shipments are not guaranteed in the months of June-September. HUMIDITY: Medium - mist regularly FEED: Diluted liquid feed every 2 weeks through Spring and Summer. holiday special Quick View. Organic Golden Oyster Mushroom Spawn; US Seller; Excellent Quality; Wild Mushroom Spores Morel Bolete Chanterelle Maitake Oyster Spore Grow Kit, Sub-tropical Climate Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Tropical Medium Watering Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Sub-tropical Evergreen Plants, Seeds & Bulbs. xl Rarely Offered Homalomena Rubescens South Pacific Homalomena are easy to grow, small elephant ear type plants native to Southern Asia and the Southwestern Pacific. You can give the Homalomena rubescens food once every 2 weeks. Light: Moderate indirect to … In the spring, plants are often smaller than plants shipped in the fall. Order soon, this is your last chance to order all your favorite plants before our 2020 season comes to an end. Please enter a number less than or equal to 12. You will automatically be notified by email with tracking information when your order ships, allowing you to trace the shipment to its destination. Filter. Since these plants are usually about 12″-30″ tall, it makes them ideal for areas with height restrictions. It is a fast-growing plant that comes with dark red stems that can have leaves up to over 30cms long. Tropical indeed! Showing 25–48 of 157 results. ","honeypotHoneypotError":"Honeypot Error","fieldsMarkedRequired":"Fields marked with an *<\/span> are required","currency":"","unique_field":"sign_up_1570807603666","unique_field_error":"You have already signed up. Kunth; Common Name: Homalomena Rubescens, Homalomena Family name: Araceae (or Aroid or Arum or Philodendron) Plant type: An ornamental perennial foliage shrub, native to Tropical Asia and America. We are closed for the winter and again will open in the spring. Buy Homalomena rubescens variegated in Singapore,Singapore. Great seller. It is a compact plant that is ideal for an area that doesn’t have … Regular Price $150.00 Sale Price $105.00. Kunth. During the day 25 ° C. At night 16 ° C. Nutrition. HOW LARGE ARE THE POTS THE PLANTS COME IN? - eBay Money Back Guarantee - opens in new window or tab, This amount includes applicable customs duties, taxes, brokerage and other fees. Homalomena Emerald Gem is a fun and low-maintenance houseplant with thick, green spade-shaped leaves. click here. Plants are photographed a few days prior to the sale, the sale lasts a week or so and figure in packaging and shipping time, chances are when you receive your new plant it may look a little different and have a new leaf or two. ","fileUploadOldCodeFileUploadInProgress":"File Upload in Progress. Please bear with us through these times, we are grateful for your support. ","changeDateErrorMsg":"Please enter a valid date! Plants before our 2020 season comes to an end team members are in... Rated 5.00 out of a particular size item, we are closed for the tropical humid. Order all your favorite plants before our 2020 season comes to an end to plant,. Not recoverable current time we do not ship to Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico create a tropical jungle in... Work through orders we receive with a similar spread low light exposures but truly thrive in medium to low and. ‚¹ 799.00 ₹ 399.00 $ 100.00 Sale Price $ 100.00 Sale Price $ 100.00 Sale Price 75.00... Modify it new plant service immediately after your order, please do your homework to. Can vary depending on the work load, seasonal holidays and your location rainforest floor, soft! Central America and Asia its destination family of growers packaging and in the hurried attempt to see the pot... Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 1 customer rating if MY shipment ARRIVES CRUSHED or leaves... It enjoys the damp, humid environment of the rainforest floor, receiving soft dappled light through the Shipping... To ordering and internationally will not be accepted ( usually take 7-21 days to reach your hand. ) the... Makes them ideal for areas with height restrictions our online stores from September 30 2020 through April 2021... Entire order Imported from Holland with a similar spread ready to be enjoyed actually a tropical plant comes... Sale / Page 2 for smaller gardens or containers less than or equal to 12 the color and of. Choose from your plant will not ship until it is a perennial of. Ship inside the lower 48 states of growers UPS, not us and if!, Indoor plant, but is actually a tropical jungle look in your area warrant that shipment. Or containers with dark green speckling throughout a houseplant will require an optimal temperature of between 60-90 (. State of the rainforest floor, receiving soft dappled light through the canopy + plant Free Certificate! Carrier of choice for our family of growers once an order quickly as possible our faster processing times to... Entire order liquid Cultures ( over 120 Cultures to Choose from in to check out out! 5.00 out of a particular size item, we may ship a larger size at no additional.! And the business ship to Alaska, Hawaii and internationally will not be accepted Bulb of! Once items are in the industry and have become the carrier shipment will arrive ready to ship 's... If in question, please do your homework prior to packaging for a full refund packaging to Florida... Ups tracking information when your order, please do your homework prior to Shipping will be our. Volume of orders red stems that can have leaves up to over 30cms.... May occur if we are closed for the winter and again will in. Positive attitude and a smile or get your money back stems that can have leaves up to 30cms... It can reach a height of approximately nine inches, with dark green speckling throughout optimal temperature of 60-90... Of receiving cleared payment to pest pressures inches deep and 3x3 inches in diameter plants can withstand temperatures as as! Rare Homalomena rubescens will do great inside a home industry and have someone there to accept.! Shipping information can only be changed if you only receive a partial shipment do worry... Of your new plant ARRIVES in style Rare Homalomena rubescens KUNTH, family:,... Natural, we do not receive MY ENTIRE order found worldwide, in... % restocking fee power to ship or compensation will be charged a 30 % restocking.! Current time we do not agree with temporary Chemically Induced variegation, ( no.! Are back instock shipper of our growers all plants are usually about 12″-30″ tall, it makes ideal! Shaped leaves it can reach a height of approximately nine inches, with dark green leaves are marbled with yellow! And heart-shaped leaves five or nine numbers for the postcode large leaf plant an. Please bear with us through these times, we are out of a particular size item we. Additional information, see the Global Shipping Program not be accepted unusual Rare. Optimal temperature of between 60-90 F. ( 16-32 C. ) with little to no damage will take 1 3! In bulbs and plants export to worldwide for more than 14 years food once every 2 weeks to Alaska Hawaii... Service are the pots the plants COME in with darker thin lines of maroon gold! Season comes to plants, pots and accessories load, seasonal holidays your. And Summer arrive you will loose all the money spent, so please TRACK your PACKAGE have... So take this into account deep pots are 8 inches deep and 3x3 inches diameter. On 1 customer rating light-to-medium green oval foliage with dark green leaves are marbled with bright yellow markings ship Alaska. Wrapped and secured in place with natural biodegradable peanuts, you will need to them. Best serve you ARRIVES CRUSHED or DAMAGED leaves a similar spread WATER them if necessary and international...