China’s establishment of a Caribbean Belt and Road Sector is an opportunity for CCP intelligence operatives to suborn the sovereignty of Caribbean countries by luring these societies into “debt trap” economic dependency on China. Reducing red tape, digitizing government processes, and improving transparency would make it easier to start and run the future-oriented, service-sector businesses the region will need going forward. China is clearly not a government that honors its agreements. The Yulin base, on the southern end of Hainan Island almost 300 miles (470 kilometers) southwest of Hong Kong, is one of China's key facilities to protect its naval assets. Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte checks the scope of a rifle at a ceremony marking the turnover of free Chinese military assistance to the Philippines at Clark Air Base in June 2017. Jack Davis is a freelance writer who joined The Western Journal in July 2015 and chronicled the campaign that saw President Donald Trump elected. The first place to look would be among the sponsors and co-sponsors of the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative Act, which would allocate $75 million per year to security in the region, especially around disaster and climate resilience issues. Third, a CBI2 would address fiscal management issues. Second, a comprehensive CBI2 would support deep institutional and governance reform. Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados are among the 13 countries in the Caribbean that have signed on to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which will only continue to expand if the U.S. fails to formulate a better offer. In addition, China is also involved in the modernization of Guyana’s Cheddi Jagan international airport, which was once the site of U.S. military operations during World War II. There, China created new islands in the sea, pledged not to militarize them, then went and militarized them. The CCP leadership has also been launching a diplomatic effort in the Caribbean with the goal of delegitimizing the state of Taiwan, while encouraging regional countries to open relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Daniel F. Runde is a senior vice president and William A. Schreyer chair in Global Analysis at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe already is on record expressing China’s willingness to deepen military cooperation with Caribbean countries. China’s construction projects already include the modernization of airports and seaports, which could increase Chinese geopolitical and military influence in the region. China’s navy, formally known as the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), has become more active in the Indian Ocean and Middle East. All rights reserved. “Hong Kong will be another communist-run city under China’s strict control,” US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo declared in July. However, crippled by environmental disasters and institutional instability, Haiti remains the poorest country in the hemisphere, even with specific benefits built into the CBI for it. China’s Communist Party (CCP) seems to be implementing a multidimensional strategy in the Caribbean, reaping economic, political and potentially military gains a few miles offshore the United States. An effective CBI2 would also require the participation of Congress, where there is already plenty of support. Background. 5. log in. DOD photo, Copyright © 2021 Soldier of Fortune Magazine. China’s paramilitary forces and fishing vessels use the island bases as hubs from which to harass and even sink commercial ships from ASEAN countries. The success of the original CBI led to multiple follow-up acts, including a promising Caribbean 2020 strategy from the State Department launched in 2017. With or without U.S. help, public debt will rise dramatically, increasing the need for better, more transparent debt management and fiscal planning. History. Building a military base on the reef would guarantee China coverage of the whole of the South China Sea, in terms of radio and military range. The Inter-American Development Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank, which have worked with one another in the past, are obvious partners for action in the region. Coming soon to a military base near us: China By Dov S. Zakheim, opinion contributor — 10/21/18 09:00 AM EDT The views expressed by contributors are their own and not the view of The Hill © 2020 Gatestone Institute. With the Caribbean’s key travel, tourism, and hospitality sectors particularly weak due to COVID-19, being responsive to the region’s needs is more urgent than ever. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad.Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. According to Kyle Bass (Hayman Capital Management), chinese acquired Bird Cay in Bahamas and already started some construction work there. The Chinese regime is effectively employing “soft power” by way of propagating anti-US diplomacy through China’s regional ambassadors and Confucius Institutes. China’s propaganda arm has established approximately 10 of its 45 pro-Communist Confucius Institutes in the region, in Antigua and Barbuda, Suriname, the Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. The views expressed by contributors are their own and not the view of The Hill, By Daniel F. Runde, opinion contributor This May, China convened a video-link conference on the COVID-19 virus at the vice-ministerial level with the nineCaribbean countries that have diplomatic relations with Beijing: Antigua, Barbuda, Barbados, the Bahamas, Dominica, Granada, Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. In addition to creating jobs and mitigating the near-term effects of COVID-19, investment in these sectors would create a solid social foundation for future prosperity in the region. 6172125100001. By opening up U.S. markets to Caribbean and Central American producers, the CBI offered the region the U.S. asset that ultimately won the Cold War: participation in a market-based economic system that spurred local development and prosperity. The Biden administration should seek to build on these efforts by convening all heads of state in the region that are U.S. allies and announcing a major comprehensive Caribbean initiative. The U.S. has seven key military bases across the region; eight of the Caribbean Basin’s 30 countries formally recognize Taiwan, the highest share of any region in the world. China’s military agenda in the Caribbean region includes the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force, which has donated Chinese Y-12 transport aircraft to Guyana. China realizes this. The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. A true CBI2 would go beyond ad hoc trade preferences and investments and introduce a comprehensive, actionable plan for meaningful economic reform in the region. Chinese pilots training at former Canadian military base in Alberta A troop of Chinese nationals are training to become pilots at a decommissioned Canadian military base near Red Deer, Alberta. Seeing these changes through would require deliberate diplomatic engagement on the part of the new administration. Chinese military activities fall into five categories: humanitarian, peacekeeping, military exchanges, arms sales and donations, and technology transfers. It is important to remember that China also promised Hong Kong autonomy until 2047, then, in 2020, jumped the gun by 27 years. The US can ill afford any Chinese drive to place under threat any Western Hemisphere country, much less the United States. However, so far this mix of initiatives has failed to generate the consistent attention and resources necessary to bring widespread prosperity and stability to the Caribbean. With the aid of the CBI and its successive expansions as well as rapid growth in the service and tourism sectors, Caribbean countries have made impressive economic strides. They are also expanding their traditional diplomatic engagement through PPE donations and a network of 16 Confucius Institutes, including in countries like Dominica and Antigua and Barbuda, where the U.S. has no diplomatic presence at all. The articles printed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editors or of Gatestone Institute. Experts Warn a 'Horrible Surprise Coming', US-China Military Clash Within Six Months. Other Chinese-sponsored port projects are underway at Cuba’s ports of Santiago and Mariel, as well as Guyana’s port of Berbice. Without a doubt, The Bahamas must prudently manage the complexities … Particularly active in this regard is Liu Quan, the China’s Ambassador to Suriname. Throughout the COVID-19 virus epidemic, China has also donated medical supplies to around 15 Caribbean states. The US should not permit the PLA Air Force or the PLA Navy to establish bases that could interfere with American freedom of navigation, both for commerce and for military convoys re-supplying NATO allies in the event of a military crisis. Another Chinese construction project that deserves scrutiny for its implication for US national security is China’s modernization of Guyana’s Cheddi Jaganinternational airport. Social indicators have also improved — since the early 1980s, literacy rates in Caribbean small states have risen by approximately 10 percentage points, and infant mortality has fallen 50 percent. Additionally, China has been investing considerable revenue in the economies of the hemisphere’s anti-American Caribbean socialist states of Cuba and Venezuela. Trinidad and Tobago has the third-highest per capita GDP in the entire Western Hemisphere, bolstered by investment in its petrochemicals, natural gas, and tourism sectors. NewsBlock_9AM_071620_HD1080_110.499_297. 92,645 Views. Dr. Lawrence A. Franklin was the Iran Desk Officer for Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld. Once the site of US Air Force military operations during World War II, with its runway of over 10,000 feet, it is capable of hosting Chinese military jet aircraft. 07-16-2020. Under the banner of “Harmonious Mission 2011,” the Chinese Navy’s hospital ship, the Peace Ark, entered the Caribbean in October 2011. After receiving several tips suggesting that China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was actively training military personnel at the former CFB Penhold, Rebel News visited the location to investigate. China’s ultimate objective of its Caribbean strategy may well be to confront the US, not only with its presence near the mainland US, but also with a situation analogous to America’s military presence in the region of the South China Sea. He also served on active duty with the U.S. Army and as a Colonel in the Air Force Reserve. The growing Soviet influence in the region required a constructive and significant response. Were China to establish a beachhead in the Caribbean, the US could be faced with a dark replay of the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. MEXICO CITY — China has offered Jamaica loans and expertise to build miles of new highways. In March 2019, President TrumpDonald TrumpSchoen says Trump team will be 'very well prepared' after criticism Iowa Republicans seek to cut funding for schools with 1619 Project in curriculum Capitol rioter seen smoking in Rotunda arrested MORE convened the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Saint Lucia in the U.S., and in October, a U.S. delegation toured Suriname, Guyana, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic to encourage U.S. private sector investment. US policymakers need seriously to address Communist China’s aggressive expansionist policies in the Caribbean. Proactive, soft-power efforts like the CBI enjoyed widespread support, both then and now. The contents of this site are ©2021 Capitol Hill Publishing Corp., a subsidiary of News Communications, Inc. These institutes propagate the same ideological pro-Chinese Communist Party, anti-Taiwan line. “Recently through its agreed on obligations, China donated 1.2 million dollars to The Bahamas to purchase military equipment so as to improve jointly the capacity to respond to non-traditional security threats. On the flip side, as Chinese debt, infrastructure, and mobile networks in the region accumulate, China could eventually develop a strategic outpost in our backyard. Nevertheless, in totality, the Caribbean Basin has made significant progress. China’s dominant role as a world leader in the production of pharmaceuticals and medical devices is, as presumably intended, enabling the Chinese to garner considerable good will in the region. There are also three incoming Cuban American House members who could serve as advocates: Carlos Gimenez (R-Fla.), Nicole Malliotakis (R-N.Y.), and María Elvira Salazar (R-Fla.). join. PLA military aid continues to arrive in Jamaica. China has also agreed to assist the Government of Jamaica in constructing the Tower Hill Infant School in Kingston and Morant Estate Infant School in St Thomas. Other countries in the region were just as contested. Comments Off on Chinese Military Bases in The Caribbean? The Chinese base is located by the Chinese-operated Port of Doraleh to the west of Djibouti City. We are the leading investor in the region, and $35.3 billion of trade flows between us each year. George Thomas. These institutes propagate the same ideological pro-Chinese Communist Party, anti-Taiwan line. Is China building a new military base in Bahamas? The mission was to provide medical services to local people and military and … Of more concern to US security interests is the ongoing seaport expansion project in the already commercially important port at Kingston, Jamaica, as well as the port at Freeport, Bahamas, China’s possible new base of operations 90 miles off the US coast. From 1980 to 1992, El Salvador was locked in a violent civil war between the U.S.-supported government and a collection of Marxist-Leninist guerrillas known as the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), supported by Cuba and Nicaragua. page: 1. From the 80s till today, the Chinese have occupied this area and they have constructed a military base on land in the Indian Territory as per McMahon line. Journal of Contemporary China, pp.1–17. The Caribbean Basin is very important to U.S. interests. At its closest, the region sits 50 miles from the U.S. mainland. Of course, the region is complex, and not all countries have experienced the same advances. There is concern about land sales to foreigners, particularly Chinese companies. share: windlass34. China operates or is building deep water ports in several strategic locations, including Bahamas, Panama, and Jamaica that could be used covertly to deploy ships carrying the YJ-18C. To the south of the city are several other foreign military bases, including Camp Lemonnier (United States Navy), Base aerienne 188 (French Air Force), and the Japan Self-Defense Force Base Djibouti. The latter was itself home to the Sandinistas, who ran their own Cuban and Soviet-backed socialist government from 1979 to 1990. Chinese-produced motorcycles have been exported to West Indian police forces in Trinidad and Tobago, and police cars to Guyana. In August, a Chinese company, Complant, bought the last three government sugar estates in Jamaica and leased cane fields, for a total investment of $166 million. Espionage Fears as China Buys Up US Land Just a Stone's Throw from Major Air Base ... he has written extensively for The Western Journal on the Trump administration as well as foreign policy and military issues. In 2018, the Dominican Republic revoked its diplomatic ties to Taiwan,presumably to take advantage of the economic opportunities that relations with China might bring. If the U.S. doesn’t put a compelling offer on the table, then China will continue to fill the gap. The Hill 1625 K Street, NW Suite 900 Washington DC 20006 | 202-628-8500 tel | 202-628-8503 fax. The Chinese have been carrying out secret military activities and making a grab for land that Australia must wise up to. The CBI came a few months before Ronald Reagan’s decision to send 6,000 American troops to Grenada, which had been taken over by a Marxist coup. China’s state-supported construction enterprises are building hotel resorts in the Bahamas, Guyana and Barbados. China also has built hospitals in Dominica, St. Kitts, Barbados and Trinidad, as well as a children’s hospital in Jamaica. … Texas & Oklahoma Ranches being bought by Chinese as Chinese push for Military Bases in Bahamas and Jamaica. Whatever form it takes, the U.S. must offer the Caribbean a development initiative and diplomatic presence that recognizes the region’s enormous potential. 1) Humanitarian . Additionally, the Confucius Institute in Suriname, home to one of the largest number of overseas Chinese of any country in the region, may also be attempting to recruit agents. For starters, it would channel public and private U.S. resources to improving social safety nets, public health capacity, digital connectivity, and education. China could insist that the US reduce, or entirely withdraw, its considerable military force structure in the Western Pacific Ocean, in exchange for a draw-down of PLA assets in the Caribbean — or any other bargain it dreamed up. China also has an interest in regional access to raw materials such as bauxite from Jamaica, and offshore oil near Guyana. However, disagreements over the terms of the original contract signed in 2011 are a source of tension between the Chinese contractor and the usually pro-Chinese Guyanese government. As Caribbean countries fall under Chinese influence, fewer and fewer will recognize Taiwan, weakening the standing of a key U.S. ally. China’s propaganda arm has established approximately 10 of its 45 pro-Communist Confucius Institutes in the region, in Antigua and Barbuda, Suriname, the Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. With an average annual GDP growth of 4 percent per year, development in the Caribbean has significantly outpaced the rest of Latin America since 2002. In Sri Lanka, for instance, the country’s inability to pay back its Chinese creditors for Beijing’s modernization of the port of Hambantota has resulted in the South Asian country’s effective lossof the port. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being … As China puts down stakes on our “third border,” we have two options: We can either ignore the problem, or we can genuinely partner with countries in the region to put forward a more compelling offer than China’s. He previously worked for the U.S. Agency for International Development, the World Bank Group, and in investment banking, with experience in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East. —, Postal Service posts profits after surge in holiday deliveries, Overnight Defense: Pentagon pushes to root out extremism in ranks | Top admiral condemns extremism after noose, hate speech discovered, GOP senators send clear signal: Trump's getting acquitted, Schoen says Trump team will be 'very well prepared' after criticism, Iowa Republicans seek to cut funding for schools with 1619 Project in curriculum, Capitol rioter seen smoking in Rotunda arrested, Over 40 lawmakers sign letter urging Merrick Garland to prioritize abolishing death penalty, The Hill's Morning Report - Biden asks Congress to expand largest relief response in U.S. history, Countering China's influence in the Caribbean with a second Caribbean Basin Initiative, We can't lose sight of Ortega's abuses in Nicaragua, Hispanic Caucus requests meeting with private detention center CEOs, Senate Democrats likely to face key test of unity on 2022 budget, Barbara Lee dons Shirley Chisholm's pearls for Inauguration Day: 'Because of Shirley Chisholm, Vice President Harris is', Tributes pour in for Kobe Bryant on one-year anniversary of death, 150 House Democrats support Biden push to reenter Iran nuclear deal, The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - House boots Greene from committees; Senate plows ahead on budget, Here are the 11 Republicans who voted to remove Greene from House committees, House votes to kick Greene off committees over embrace of conspiracy theories, Ryan Grim: Rep. Conor Lamb 'very likely' to enter Pennsylvania Senate race, Meet the company that is revolutionizing e-commerce by conquering the mountain of packages outside your front door, Atlantic writer says pandemic-accelerated migration could benefit Democrats, This company is solving America's food issues one backyard at a time. This is a highly strategic location close to a deep water channel used by US military for deep water exercises. For a region that is literally miles from a major U.S. city, so far, there has been an alarming lack of urgency to secure the region. Share this article   Tweet   Hicks Takes Reins as Deputy Secretary of Defense Kathleen Hicks, then deputy …, China: The People’s Liberation Army Navy’s Luyang II-class destroyer Xian moves through the water. Mexico, Colombia, and Canada could also be major partners, as they also have an interest in fostering a competitive, business-friendly, and economically diversified Caribbean. Moreover, selected military officers from virtually every Caribbean country continue to receive training at Chinese military academies. posted on Jan, 7 2021 @ 09:26 AM link . Barbados too has enjoyed strong economic growth over the past 20 years, and has started to diversify beyond tourism to high-skill industries like offshore finance and information services. The original Caribbean Basin Initiative was a collection of free trade programs and preferences for Caribbean and Central American countries, launched in 1983. Granted, there is long way to go in a number of these countries, but if one takes a 40-year perspective, there has been considerable progress. China has already delivered 30,000 virus test kits to Jamaica and at least 100,000 protective masks to Cuba as well as about 100 ventilators to the Dominican Republic. on Chinese Military Bases in The Caribbean? These institutes propagate the same ideological pro-Chinese Communist Party, anti-Taiwan line. Responding to COVID-19 has required extensive deficit spending across Caribbean states, and climate-related economic damage is projected to reach 10 percent of the region’s GDP by 2050, further straining already struggling fiscal policy. At the time, the Soviet Union was making significant inroads into Central America and the Caribbean. Those include training Chinese commanders at the Canadian Forces College in Toronto, as well as other military facilities in Kingston. These include Adriano EspaillatAdriano de Jesus Espaillat CabralLawmakers remember actress Cicely Tyson Over 40 lawmakers sign letter urging Merrick Garland to prioritize abolishing death penalty The Hill's Morning Report - Biden asks Congress to expand largest relief response in U.S. history MORE (D-N.Y.), Albio SiresAlbio B. 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The property will include Japanese and US military bases and nuclear reactors. From 2002 to 2018, trade between the two rose eightfold, and the Chinese currently have nearly $70 billion dollars’ worth of development financing deployed throughout the region. No part of the Gatestone website or any of its contents may be reproduced, copied or modified, without the prior written consent of Gatestone Institute. Of concern to US security interests is China's seaport expansion project at Kingston, Jamaica, as well as at Freeport, Bahamas, China's possible new base of operations 90 miles off the US coast. In pursuit of its global ambitions and emerge as the next super power China is creating military bases primarily Naval and few army across continents which seemed unthinkable even a decade back. An agreement seen by U.S. officials would allow China 30-year use of the base, it was reported in the media. Replicating US strategy of creating naval bases to dominate seas China has embarked on an ambitious plan that ranges from El Salvador in Central America to South China Sea in SE Asia writes … Cabestan, J.-P.P (2019) China’s Military Base in Djibouti: A Microcosm of China’s Growing Competition with the United States and New Bipolarity. “China will actively provide Military assistance to The Bahamas and defense dialogue,” Rahming said. China’s propaganda arm has established approximately 10 of its 45 pro-Communist Confucius Institutes in the region, in Antigua and Barbuda, Suriname, the Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. The U.S. has seven key military bases across the region; eight of the Caribbean Basin’s 30 countries formally recognize Taiwan, the highest share of any region in the world. However, while we have been distracted by other things, China has been making significant inroads into the Caribbean, where it is eager to displace American economic and military influence. Other countries that have received Chinese investment include Jamaica and the Bahamas, where China is involved in seaport projects. It is not an exaggeration to say China is the greatest long-term threat to the U.S. way of life, but China also poses the greatest challenge to the Defense Department, DOD’s policy chief John C. Rood said. China’s Caribbean offensive so far includes a “medical diplomacy” initiative that is providing Latin America, but especially the region’s island states, with face masks, personal protective gowns and gloves, ventilators, ambulances, and pharmaceuticals. Chinese shipments of military and police equipment to several Caribbean states could be developing into beachheads for future People’s Liberation Army (PLA) “advisory groups” in the Western Hemisphere. 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