expires: 365 Reporting nouns are nouns such as comment, criticism, remark, statement. type: "cookie", ), Chap. }] var googletag = googletag || {}; iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, "noPingback": true, There are two main types of reported speech: direct speech and indirect speech. iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: 1. pronouns 2. present tense verbs (3rd person singular) 3. place and time expressions 4. tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Reported speech - Easy Learning Grammar. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, "error": true, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, 'max': 3, Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, }, 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=reported-speech&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", It's also called indirect discourse or reported speech. Other people regard reported speech simply as one form of indirect speech. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); }); Reported Verb Now let us understand these terms with the help of an example. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'max': 36, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); var dfpSlots = {}; 'max': 3, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, },{ Reported Speech. Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, EG: He said that he was going to come. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { In some cases, depending on every-day language or the probability of the message, the indicative form of … iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); params: { dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, type: "cookie", {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, cmpApi: 'iab', Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Indirect Speech. 'max': 8, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout, usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Reporting Verb 4. ga('send', 'pageview'); Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, "noPingback": true, initAdSlotRefresher(); "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); }, var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, }, Reported speech Reported speech: direct speech Reported speech: indirect speech. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Indirect Speech:She says that She is feeling cold. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, } "authorizationTimeout": 10000 We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Understanding this is important. }], if(!isPlusPopupShown()) googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); "loggedIn": false }, name: "identityLink", storage: { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, We don't always have to do this, however. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Of statements consist of two parts: the reporting clause and the reported speech perhaps. 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